Arthritis can affect every aspect of your life. In its early stages, many ignore their joint discomfort. But as arthritis becomes more advanced, even daily activities like walking, driving or standing can become difficult and painful. 

Arthritis may be caused by inflammation of the tissue lining the joints. Some signs of inflammation include redness, heat, pain, and swelling. Joints are places where two bones meet, such as your hip or knee. Over time, in some types of arthritis but not in all, the joints involved can become severely damaged.

Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the 2 most common types of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis affects the smooth cartilage lining in your joints. This can make movement such as walking and bending painful and cause stiffnessknee Osteoarthritis. As time goes on the lining starts to roughen and thin out, making the ligaments and tendons in that joint work harder. 

Loosing too much cartilage can lead to bone rubbing on bone, which can be very painful and force the bones from their normal position.

Rheumatoid arthritis is where the body’s immune system targets joints, this leads to pain and swelling. The increased swelling can cause the bone and cartilage to break down. Similar to osteoarthritis, this can lead to bone on bone contact. 

Both types of arthritis can severely affect your joints over-time and may cause you to have a total or partial joint replacement once all non-surgical treatments have been exhausted. It is important to discuss treatment options with your doctor. 

For more information on joint replacement please visit:

"Osteoarthritis of the knee" by Injurymap.